1 Samuel 16:1-17:58 Embrace God’s Perspective

    1Samuel 16:1-17:58        October 12 2008

    Although Saul won an impressive victory over the
Amalekites, he failed to carry out God’s instructions Saul’s
disobedience led to a stormy confrontation with the
prophet Samuel. Before leaving , Samuel announced that
God had rejected Saul as King.
    The incident troubled Samuel deeply . God censured
Samuel for his prolonged depression over it and sent him
on a new assignment. The prophet was to go and anoint a
new king. This king would not take over immediately ;
years would pass before he assumed the throne.
    Saul’s earlier defeat of the Philistines did not end
their being a danger to Israel. Soon they renewed the war.
In a bid to win victory without casualties, the Philistines
challenged the Israelites to settle the issue by combat
between the champions of the respective armies.
    The Philistine champion was a colossal soldier named
Goliath. He was nearly ten feet tall. Merely the sight of
him was sufficient to terrorize even the bravest veteran .
As the Philistines continued to develop their psychological
advantage, David, the recently anointed and future king,
visited his older brothers who then serving in the army .
    David was shocked by the mockery Goliath hurled against
Israel’s God . So he went down to meet Goliath in battle,
carrying only a sling shot, the weapon he us used to defend
his father’s sheep. In facing the giant, David was not accepting
the Philistine’s challenge. Rather , David was determined not
to allow the giant’s blasphemy to go unanswered.
    Relying foremost on the presence of the Lord, David
quickly killed the giant. Using Goliath’s huge sword, the
triumphant youth cut off the giant’s head and held it up for
everyone to see.
    Instantly momentum shifted dramatically. The Israelites
won a victory. The fighting ended, and the commander of the
Israelite army escorted David, still holding the slain
warrior’s head , into the presence of King Saul. David’s rise
from obscure shepherd to renowned king – a process ignited
by Samuel’s unannounced anointing – had begun.

    1. Take Steps to Move On (1 Sam. 16:1)

1Sam. 16:1   The LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you
mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over
Israel? Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am
sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. I have chosen one of
his sons to be king.”

    The Lord said to Samuel. Probably  1025 B.C. (1 Sam.
15:1-35). Jesse . For Jesse’s genealogy ( Ruth 4:18-22;
Matt 1:3-6). Bethlehem . A town five miles south of
Jerusalem, formerly known as Ephrath (Gen. 48:7). It was
later to become renowned as the “town of David” (Luke 2:4)
and the birthplace of Christ (Mic 5:2; Matt 2:1; Luke 2:4-7).
I have chosen one of sons to be king. (1 Sam.13:14; 15:28).

    2. Accept New Directions (1 Sam. 16:2-5)

1Sam. 16:2   But Samuel said, “How can I go? Saul will hear
about it and kill me.” The LORD said, “Take a heifer with
you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’ 16:3  
Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what to
do. You are to anoint for me the one I indicate.” 16:4  
Samuel did what the LORD said. When he arrived at
Bethlehem, the elders of the town trembled when they met
him. They asked, “Do you come in peace?” 16:5   Samuel
replied, “Yes, in peace; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.
Consecrate yourselves and come to the sacrifice with me.”
Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to
the sacrifice.

    Saul will . . . Kill me . The road from Ramah (where
Samuel was, ! Sam.15:34) to Bethlehem passed through
Gibeah of Saul. Saul already knew that the Lord had chosen
someone to replace him as king (1 Sam.15:28). Samuel fears
that jealousy will incite Saul to violence. Later incidents
(1 Sam.18:10-11; 19:10; 20:33) demonstrate that Samuel’s
fears were well-founded. Say , ‘I have come to sacrifice to
the Lord .’ This response is true but incomplete, and it was
intended to deceive Saul.  Anoint. (1 Sam. 9:16).  Consecrat
yonsecrate yourselves . Involves preparing oneself
spiritually as well as making oneself ceremonially clean by
washing and putting on clean clothes (Ex 19:10,14; Lev 15;
Num 19:11-22).

    3. Put Priority on What Pleases (1 Sam.16:6-10)

1Sam. 16:6   When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab and thought,
“Surely the LORD ’s anointed stands here before the LORD.”
16:7   But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not consider his
appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD
does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the
outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.” 16:8  
Then Jesse called Abinadab and had him pass in front of
Samuel. But Samuel said, “The LORD has not chosen this one
either.” 16:9   Jesse then had Shammah pass by, but Samuel
said, “Nor has the LORD chosen this one.” 16:10   Jesse had
seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to him,
“The LORD has not chosen these.”

    Eliab . Jesse’s oldest son (1 SAm.17:13).  His appearance
or his height. Samuel is not to focus on these outward
features, which had characterized Saul (1 Sam. 9:2; 10:23-24).
HEART. The Lord is concerned with man’s inner disposition and
character (1Kings 8:39; 1Ch 28:9; Luke 16:15; John 2:25;
Acts 1:24). Abinadab . Jesse’s second son. Shammah . Jesse’s
third son.

    4. Complete God -Given Tasks (1 Sam 16:11-13)

1Sam. 16:11   So he asked Jesse, “Are these all the sons you
have?” There is still the youngest,” Jesse answered, “but he
is tending the sheep.” Samuel said, “Send for him; we will not
sit down until he arrives.” 16:12   So he sent and had him
brought in. He was ruddy, with a fine appearance and handsome
features. Then the LORD said, “Rise and anoint him; he is the
one.” 16:13   So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him
in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit
of the LORD came upon David in power. Samuel then went to

    He is tending the sheep . The Lord’s chosen one is a shepherd
(1 Sam. 9:3;  2 Sam. 7:7-8; Psalms 78:71-72). In the presence
of his bothers. The small circle of witnesses to David’s
anointing assured its confidentiality, but also provided ample
testimony for the future that David had been anointed by Samuel
and that he was not merely a usurper of Saul’s office. The spirit
of the Lord came upon David in power . (1 Sam.10:5-6,10; 11:6;
Jdg 15:14).


            The Hebrew verb rendered "anoint" describes the
procedure whereby oil was smeared on an individual . A corpse
might be anointed for burial or a sick person might be anointed
as a medical treatment. Woman anointed themselves for
cosmetic purposes, Olive oil was the most common ointment
in the Bible, but some occasions called for other perfumes
and oils.
            The verb in 1 Samuel 16:1 applied to a specific
ritual. Kings and Priests were ceremonially anointed as a
sign God appointed them to their office. This act signified
God’ power was present with such people to enable them to
carry out the duties of their office. The ceremony evoked a
sense of awe in those who observed it. Thereafter, those who
had been anointed often were called simply, "The Lord’s
            This term eventually became the one used to
designate the one God would send to deliver His people. We
write the Hebrew word as "Messiah." Each succeeding king
was seen as the one for whom the nation longed. And each
succeeding king was not selected to fulfill this national
hope. Not until the appearance of the Christ (the Greek term
for "Messiah"). a descendant of David, did God fulfill this