REBELLION: A PATH TO RUIN
Micah 1:1-2:13 May 10 2009
The prophet is Micah the Morasthite; his name Micah is a
contraction of Micaiah, the name of a prophet some ages
before (in Ahab’s time, 1Ki. 22:8); his surname, the Morasthite,
signifies that he was born, or lived, at Moresheth, which is
mentioned here , or Mareshah, which is mentioned , and
(Jos.15:44). The place of his abode is mentioned, that any one
might enquire in that place, at that time, and might find there
was, or had been, such a one there, who was generally reputed
to be a prophet.
1. The Wrath of God against Israel . (Micah 1:1-7)
Micah 1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Micah of
Moresheth during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah,
kings of Judah —the vision he saw concerning Samaria and
Jerusalem. 1:2 Hear, O peoples, all of you, listen, O earth
and all who are in it, that the Sovereign LORD may witness
against you, the Lord from his holy temple. 1:3 Look! The
LORD is coming from his dwelling place; he comes down and
treads the high places of the earth. 1:4 The mountains melt
beneath him and the valleys split apart, like wax before the
fire, like water rushing down a slope. 1:5 All this is because
of Jacob’s transgression, because of the sins of the house of
Israel. What is Jacob’s transgression? Is it not Samaria? What
is Judah’s high place? Is it not Jerusalem? 1:6 “Therefore I
will make Samaria a heap of rubble, a place for planting
vineyards. I will pour her stones into the valley and lay bare
her foundations. 1:7 All her idols will be broken to pieces;
all her temple gifts will be burned with fire; I will destroy
all her images. Since she gathered her gifts from the wages
of prostitutes, as the wages of prostitutes they will again
MICAH. Means “Who is like the LORD?” Moresheth . Author.
Jotham , Ahaz and Hezekiah . For background on these kings
and the book of Micah (2Kings 15:32-16:20; 18-20). Isaiah,
Hosea and Micah prophesied at roughly the same time ( Isa 1:1;
Hos 1:1). Vision . Samaria and Jerusalem . The capitals of
Israel and Judah respectively. The judgment predicted by
Micah involved these nations and not just their capital cities.
Hear . The Hebrew for this word introduces prophetic addresses
also in (Mic.3:1 ; 6:1), where it is translated “Listen” (Mic.3:9;
6:2). People . . . Earth . All nations —an announcement that the
day of the Lord is at hand, when God will call the nations to
account. In view of that day Micah speaks in his prophecy of the
impending judgments on Israel and Judah. Holy Temple . Heaven
(Mic.1: 3), as in (Psalms 11:4; Jonah 2:7; Hab 2:20). The Lord is
coming . An OT expression describing the Lord’s intervention in
history ( Psalme 18:9; 96:13; 144:5; Isa 26:21; 31:4; 64:1-3).
High Places . May refer to mountains as well as to pagan shrines,
since both are cited here (Mic. 1:4-5). Amos 4:13. Mountains Melt .
( Psalme 97:5; Nahum 1:5). Jacob’s . Jacob was an alternate name
for Israel (Gen 32:28 ; 35:10). Israel . Here (Mic 1:13) specifically
the northern kingdom, but Micah uses the name also for the
southern kingdom (Mic. 3:1,8-9; 5:1,3) or for the whole covenant
people (Mic.1:14-15; 2:12; 5:2; 6:2). High Place . Pagan center of
idolatry (2Ch 28:25). (Mic.1:6-7) God is the speaker. This prophecy
was fulfilled during Micah’s lifetime when Assyria destroyed
Samaria in 722-721 B.C. (2Kings 17:6). (Mic.1:6) Into the Valley .
Samaria was built on a hill (1Kings 16:24). Prostitutes .
Prostitution is often an OT symbol for idolatry or spiritual
unfaithfulness (Ex 34:15-16; Jdg 2:17; Eze 23:29-30). Wages .
The wealth that Samaria had gained from her idolatry will be
taken by the Assyrians and placed in their own temples to be
used again in the worship of idols.
2. The Greatness of the Destuction Illustrated (Micah1:8,9)
Micah 1:8 Because of this I will weep and wail; I will go about
barefoot and naked. I will howl like a jackal and moan like an
owl. 1:9 For her wound is incurable; it has come to Judah. It
has reached the very gate of my people, even to Jerusalem itself.
This. The coming destruction of Samaria. Barefoot. A sign of
mourning (2Sam 15:30). It is possible that Micah actually walked
stripped and barefoot through Jerusalem ( Isa 20:2). Naked .
Clothed only in a loincloth. Wound . The judgment about to
overtake Samaria. Incurable (Isa 17:11 ; Jer 30:12). Gate . The
Assyrian destruction of the northern kingdom will spread like
a malignant disease to the gate of Jerusalem (Mic.1:12). The
gate was where the process of town government was carried
on (Gen 19:1 ; Ruth 4:1-4).
3.The sins and Desolations of Israel . (Micah 2:1-4)
Micah 2:1 Woe to those who plan iniquity, to those who plot evil
on their beds! At morning’s light they carry it out because it is in
their power to do it. 2:2 They covet fields and seize them, and
houses, and take them. They defraud a man of his home, a
fellowman of his inheritance. 2:3 Therefore, the LORD says:
“I am planning disaster against this people, from which you
cannot save yourselves. You will no longer walk proudly, for it
will be a time of calamity. 2:4 In that day men will ridicule you;
they will taunt you with this mournful song: We are utterly ruined;
my people’s possession is divided up. He takes it from me! He
assigns our fields to traitors.’ ”
(Mic.2:1-5) Directed primarily against wealthy landowners
who oppressed the poor. (Mic.2:1) Power to do it. The rich,
oppressing classes continued to get rich at the expense of the
poor because they controlled the power structures of their
society. They covet. In violation of the tenth commandment
( Ex 20:17 ; Dt 5:21). Inheritance . Land that was to be the
permanent possession of a particular family. (Lev 25:10,13)
(Year of Jubilee); Num 27:1-11; 36:1-12) (Zelophehad’s daughters);
1Kings 21:1-19 (Naboth’s vineyard). Therefore . Because of the
sins of Israel’s influential classes, calamity will strike. Disaster.
The impending exile. WE. . . ME. The rich landowners, on whom God’s
judgment will fall. HE. God. TRAITORS. The treacherous Assyrians
( Isa 33:1 ) who will capture the land.
Woe to the people that devise evil during the night, and rise
early to carry it into execution! It is bad to do mischief on a
sudden thought, much worse to do it with design and forethought.
It is of great moment to improve and employ hours of retirement
and solitude in a proper manner. If covetousness reigns in the
heart, compassion is banished; and when the heart is thus
engaged, violence and fraud commonly occupy the hands. The most
haughty and secure in prosperity, are commonly most ready to
despair in adversity. Woe to those from whom God turns away!
Those are the sorest calamities which cut us off from the
congregation of the Lord, or cut us short in the enjoyment of