HOPE: A PATH TO FULFILLMENT
Micah 4:1-6:16 May 24 2009
Comparing chapter 4 with the close of the foregoing chapter,
the comfortable promises here with the terrible threatenings
there, we may, with the apostle, "behold the goodness and
severity of God,” (Rom. 11:22), towards the Jewish church which
fell, severity when Zion was ploughed as a field, but towards the
Christian church, which was built upon the ruins of it, goodness,
great goodness; for it is here promised.
In chapter 5 we have , A prediction of the troubles and
distresses of the Jewish nation . A promise of the Messiah, and
of his kingdom, to support the people of God in the day of these
troubles. Of the birth of the Messiah . Of his advancement . Of
his protection of his people, and his victory over his and their
enemies . Of the great world by it . Of the destruction of the
enemies of the church, both those without, that attack it, and
those within, that expose it .
1. The peace of the kingdom of Christ. (Micah 4:1-4)
Micah 4:1 In the last days the mountain of the LORD’s temple
will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be
raised above the hills, and peoples will stream to it. 4:2 Many
nations will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the
mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will
teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.” The law
will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 4:3
He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for
strong nations far and wide. They will beat their swords into
plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not
take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.
4:4 Every man will sit under his own vine and under his own fig
tree, and no one will make them afraid, for the LORD Almighty
(Micah 4:1-3) Also (Isa 2:2-4), a passage that is almost the
same as these verses. Vine and . . . Fig tree . A reference to the
peaceful security of the kingdom of God. (1Kings 4:25; Zec 3:10).
Noone will make them afraid . (Zep 3:13). Fear will be a thing of
the past. Walk in the name of the Lord . Confess, love, obey and
rely on the Lord. (Zec 10:12).
2. The birth of Christ and conversion of the Gentiles.
Micah 5:1 Marshal your troops, O city of troops, for a siege is
laid against us. They will strike Israel’s ruler on the cheek with
a rod. 5:2 “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small
among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who
will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from
ancient times. ” 5:3 Therefore Israel will be abandoned until
the time when she who is in labor gives birth and the rest of his
brothers return to join the Israelites. 5:4 He will stand and
shepherd his flock in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty
of the name of the LORD his God. And they will live securely,
for then his greatness will reach to the ends of the earth.
Jerusalem will be besieged, and her kings will be seized
and taken to Babylon (the last king, Zedekiah, was blinded;
2 Kings 25:7). In contrast to the dire prediction of (Mic.5:10,
Micah shifts to a positive note. Ephrathah . The region in which
Bethlehem was located (Ruth 1:2; 4:11; 1Sam. 17:12). Ruler .
Ultimately Christ, who will rule (Mic.4:8) for God the Father.
Origns . . . From of old . His beginnings were much earlier than
his human birth (John 8:58). From ancient times . Within history
( 2 Sam 7:12-16; Isa 9:6-7; Am 9:11), and even from eternity .
Israel will be abandoned . Until the Messiah is born and begins
his rule. Israel . (Mic1:5). Strength . . . Majesty. The Messiah will
shepherd and rule in the strength and majesty of God the Father.
The remnant of Israel, converted to Christ in the
primitive times, were among many nations as the drops of dew,
and were made instruments in calling a large increase of
spiritual worshippers. But to those who neglected or opposed
this salvation, they would, as lions, cause terror, their doctrine
condemning them. The Lord also declares that he would cause not
only the reformation of the Jews, but the purification of the
Christian church. In like manner shall we be assured of victory
in our personal conflicts, as we simply depend upon the Lord our
salvation, worship him, and serve him with diligence.