Hebr.4-5 Seek Forgiveness

Hebrews 4:14-5:10  October 1 2006

The autor presented Jesus’ Priesthood as the
basis of our hope. He had already shown that
Jesus is superior to angels and leaders; here he
showed Jesus as superior to Aaron and the
Levitical priesthood. The law of Moses made
provision for a high priest to mediate between God
and man. The author explained why and how Jesus
is the perfect High Priest.
Our previous lesson gave the context for the author’s
saying there is nothing hidden “from Him to whom
we must give an account” (4:13). Thus he affirmed
that God knows about our sins . Because He knows,
we need to confess them in order to be forgiven. The
question is, “Where do we confess?”

1. Where We confess (Heb. 4:14-16)

Hebr. 4:14   Therefore, since we have a great high priest
who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God,
let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. 4:15   For we
do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize
with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been
tempted in every way, just as we are —yet was without
sin. 4:16   Let us then approach the throne of grace with
confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace
to help us in our time of need.

Three statements about Christ, our High Priest, are
made in these verse. First , He is great, not only in
character but in His work. This delineates Him from
all other priests. No doubt some claimed Christianity
had no priest like Aaron.
Second, out Lord has passed through the heavens.
Third, our High Priest is name Jesus the Son of God.

2. Why We Confess (Heb. 5:1-6)

Hebr. 5:1   Every high priest is selected from among men
and is appointed to represent them in matters related to
God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 5:2   He is able
to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going
astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 5:3   This
is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well
as for the sins of the people.  5:4   No one takes this honor
upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was.
5:5   So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of
becoming a high priest. But God said to him,     “You are my
Son; today I have become your Father. ”  5:6   And he says
in another place,     “You are a priest forever, in the order
of Melchizedek.”

All of this means that Jesus Christ, like Jewish high
priests, was called by God and is a High Priest in
Melchizedek’s order. Unlike them, Jesus was sinless.
Thus , Jesus had no need to offer sacrifices for His
sins. However, we must confess our sins because, like
the Jewish high priests and all other human being ,
we sin.

What is the order of Melchizedek ? Look at
Gen.14:18-20 , Psalm 110:4 and Heb. 7:4-10.

3. Why We Can Confess (Heb. 5:7-10)

Hebr. 5:7   During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he
offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears
to the one who could save him from death, and he was
heard because of his reverent submission. 5:8   Although
he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered
5:9   and, once made perfect, he became the source of
eternal salvation for all who obey him 5:10   and was
designated by God to be high priest in the order of

This closes with the announcement that God has
declared Jesus a High priest in a new order , “the
order of Melchizedek.”
Jesus was not one among other priests; He is the
final Priest. Jesus was not one among many sacrifices;
He is the final Sacrifice. Jesus was not self-appointed;
He is God-appointed.


The subject of the priesthood is not just ancient
history or dry doctrine. We need a priest who made
sacrifice for our sins and who stands at the right hand of
the Father to intercede for us . We need a priest who
knows our weaknesses and forgives in mercy and grace
when we confess our sins. Jesus is the only One so