Why Do You Worship?
Exodus 25:1-31:18 Exodus 25:8-9,17-22;29:38-46 4/25/2010
At this chapter begins an account of the orders and instructions God gave to Moses upon the mount for the erecting and furnishing of a tabernacle to the honour of God. We have here. Orders given for a collection to be made among the people for this purpose Particular instructions, Concerning the ark of the covenant The table of showbread .The golden candlestick .
Particular orders are given , Concerning the consecration of the priests, and the sanctification of the altar. Concerning the daily sacrifice . To which gracious promises are annexed that God would own and bless them in all their services
1. (Exodus 25:8-9) What the Israelites were to offer for making the tabernacle.
Exod. 25:8 â€œThen have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them. 25:9 Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you.
God chose the people of Israel to be a peculiar people to himself, above all people, and he himself would be their King. He ordered a royal palace to be set up among them for himself, called a sanctuary, or holy place, or habitation. There he showed his presence among them. And because in the wilderness they dwelt in tents, this royal palace was ordered to be a tabernacle, that it might move with them. The people were to furnish Moses with the materials, by their own free will. The best use we can make of our worldly wealth, is to honour God with it in works of piety and charity. We should ask, not only, What must we do? but, What may we do for God? Whatever they gave, they must give it cheerfully, not grudgingly, for God loves a cheerful giver, 2 Corinthians 9:7 . What is laid out in the service of God, we must reckon well bestowed; and whatsoever is done in Godâ€™s service, must be done by his direction.
2. (Exodus 25:17-22) The ark.
Exod. 25:17 â€œMake an atonement cover of pure gold â€”two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. 25:18 And make two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover. 25:19 Make one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other; make the cherubim of one piece with the cover, at the two ends. 25:20 The cherubim are to have their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim are to face each other, looking toward the cover. 25:21 Place the cover on top of the ark and put in the ark the Testimony, which I will give you. 25:22 There, above the cover between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the Testimony, I will meet with you and give you all my commands for the Israelites.
The ark was a chest, overlaid with gold, in which the two tables of the law were to be kept. These tables are called the testimony; God in them testified his will. This law was a testimony to the Israelites, to direct them in their duty, and would be a testimony against them, if they transgressed. This ark was placed in the holy of holies; the blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled, and the incense burned, before it, by the high priest; and above it appeared the visible glory, which was the symbol of the Divine presence. This was a type of Christ in his sinless nature, which saw no corruption, in personal union with his Divine nature, atoning for our sins against it, by his death. The cherubim of gold looked one towards another, and both looked downward toward the ark. It denotes the angelsâ€™ attendance on the Redeemer, their readiness to do his will, their presence in the assemblies of saints, and their desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel. It was covered with a covering of gold, called the mercy-seat. God is said to dwell, or sit between the cherubim, on the mercy-seat. There he would give his law, and hear supplicants, as a prince on his throne.
3. (Exodus 29 :38-46) The continual burnt-offerings, Godâ€™s promise to dwell among Israel.
Exod. 29:38 â€œThis is what you are to offer on the altar regularly each day: two lambs a year old. 29:39 Offer one in the morning and the other at twilight. 29:40 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering. 29:41 Sacrifice the other lamb at twilight with the same grain offering and its drink offering as in the morning â€”a pleasing aroma, an offering made to the LORD by fire. 29:42 â€œFor the generations to come this burnt offering is to be made regularly at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting before the LORD. There I will meet you and speak to you; 29:43 there also I will meet with the Israelites, and the place will be consecrated by my glory. 29:44 â€œSo I will consecrate the Tent of Meeting and the altar and will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests. 29:45 Then I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God. 29:46 They will know that I am the LORD their God, who brought them out of Egypt so that I might dwell among them. I am the LORD their God.
A lamb was to be offered upon the altar every morning, and a lamb every evening. This typified the continual intercession which Christ ever lives to make for his church. Though he offered himself but once for all, that one offering thus becomes a continual offering. This also teaches us to offer to God the spiritual sacrifices of prayer and praise every day, morning and evening. Our daily devotions are the most needful of our daily works, and the most pleasant of our daily comforts. Prayer-time must be kept up as duly as meal-time. Those starve their own souls, who keep not up constant attendance on the throne of grace; constancy in religion brings in the comfort of it.
Aaron and his sons were to be set apart for the priestâ€™s office, with ceremony and solemnity. Our Lord Jesus is the great High Priest of our profession, called of God to be so; anointed with the Spirit, whence he is called Messiah, the Christ; clothed with glory and beauty; sanctified by his own blood; made perfect, or consecrated through sufferings, Hebrews 2:10 . All believers are spiritual priests, to offer spiritual sacrifices, 1 Peter 2:5 , washed in the blood of Christ, and so made to our God priests, Revelation 1:5 , 6 . They also are clothed with the beauty of holiness, and have received the anointing, 1 John 2:27 . The Spirit of God is called the finger of God, ( Luke 11:20 , compared with Matthew 12:28 ,) and by him the merit of Christ is applied to our souls. This consecration signifies the admission of a sinner into the spiritual priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.