Do right When You Do Wrong
Leviticus 1:1-16:34 May 16 2010
God ordained divers kinds of oblations and sacrifices, to assure his people of the forgiveness of their offences, if they offered them in true faith and obedience. Also he appointed the priests and Levites, their apparel, offices, conduct, and portion. He showed what feasts they should observe, and at what times. He declared by these sacrifices and ceremonies, that the reward of sin is death, and that without the blood of Christ, the innocent Lamb of God, there can be no forgiveness of sins.
1 : (Lev. 5:1-6) Concerning various trespasses.
1â€œIf you sin by not stepping up and offering yourself as a witness to something youâ€™ve heard or seen in cases of wrongdoing, youâ€™ll be held responsible.
4â€œOr if you impulsively swear to do something, whether good or badâ€”some rash oath that just pops outâ€”and you arenâ€™t aware of what youâ€™ve done at the time, but later you come to realize it and youâ€™re guilty in any of these cases;
5â€œWhen you are guilty, immediately confess the sin that youâ€™ve committed 6and bring as your penalty to God for the sin you have committed, a female lamb or goat from the flock for an Absolution-Offering.
The offences here noticed are, A manâ€™s concealing the truth, when he was sworn as a witness to speak the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. If, in such a case, for fear of offending one that has been his friend, or may be his enemy, a man refuses to give evidence, or gives it but in part, he shall bear his iniquity. And that is a heavy burden, which, if some course be not taken to get it removed, will sink a man to hell. Let all that are called at any time to be witnesses, think of this law, and be free and open in their evidence, and take heed of prevaricating. An oath of the Lord is a sacred thing, not to be trifled with. A manâ€™s touching any thing that was ceremonially unclean. Though his touching the unclean thing only made him ceremonially defiled, yet neglecting to wash himself according to the law, was either carelessness or contempt, and contracted moral guilt. As soon as God, by his Spirit, convinces our consciences of any sin or duty, we must follow the conviction, as not ashamed to own our former mistake.
2: ( Lev. 5: 14-16) Compensation-Offering
14God spoke to Moses, 15â€œWhen a person betrays his trust and unknowingly sins by straying against any of the holy things of God, he is to bring as his penalty to God a ram without any defect from the flock, the value of the ram assessed in shekels, according to the Sanctuary shekel for a Compensation-Offering. 16He is to make additional compensation for the sin he has committed against any holy thing by adding twenty percent to the ram and giving it to the priest. â€œThus the priest will make atonement for him with the ram of the Compensation-Offering and heâ€™s forgiven.
Here are offerings to atone for trespasses against a neighbour. If a man put to his own use unwittingly, any thing dedicated to God, he was to bring this sacrifice. We are to be jealous over ourselves, to ask pardon for the sin, and make satisfaction for the wrong, which we do but suspect ourselves guilty of. The law of God is so very broad, the occasions of sin in this guilty of. The law of God is so very broad, the occasions of sin in this world are so numerous, and we are so prone to evil, that we need to fear always, and to pray always, that we may be kept from sin. Also we should look before us at every step. The true Christian daily pleads guilty before God, and seeks forgiveness through the blood of Christ. And the gospel salvation is so free, that the poorest is not shut out; and so full, that the most burdened conscience may find relief from it. Yet the evil of sin is so displayed as to cause every pardoned sinner to abhor and dread it.
3: (Lev. 6:1-7) Concerning trespasses against our neighbour.
1God spoke to Moses, 2â€œWhen anyone sins by betraying trust with God by deceiving his neighbor regarding something entrusted to him, or by robbing or cheating or threatening him; 3or if he has found something lost and lies about it and swears falsely regarding any of these sins that people commonly commitâ€” 4when he sins and is found guilty, he must return what he stole or extorted, restore what was entrusted to him, return the lost thing he found, 5or anything else about which he swore falsely. He must make full compensation, add twenty percent to it, and hand it over to the owner on the same day he brings his Compensation-Offering. 6He must present to God as his Compensation-Offering a ram without any defect from the flock, assessed at the value of a Compensation-Offering.
7â€œThus the priest will make atonement for him before God and heâ€™s forgiven of any of the things that one does that bring guilt.â€
Though all the instances relate to our neighbour, yet it is called a trespass against the Lord. Though the person injured be mean, and even despicable, yet the injury reflects upon that God who has made the command of loving our neighbour next to that of loving himself. Human laws make a difference as to punishments; but all methods of doing wrong to others, are alike violations of the Divine law, even keeping what is found, when the owner can be discovered. Frauds are generally accompanied with lies, often with false oaths. If the offender would escape the vengeance of God, he must make ample restitution, according to his power, and seek forgiveness by faith in that one Offering which taketh away the sin of the world. The trespasses here mentioned, still are trespasses against the law of Christ, which insists as much upon justice and truth, as the law of nature, or the law of Moses.
This chapter, and part of the next, concern the trespass-offering. The difference between this and the sin-offering lay not so much in the sacrifices themselves, and the management of them, as in the occasions of the offering of them. They were both intended to make atonement for sin; but the former was more general, this applied to some particular instances. Observe what is here said, Concerning the trespass. If a man sin, In concealing his knowledge, when he is adjured In touching an unclean thing . In swearing .In embezzling the holy things. In any sin of infirmity . Some other cases there are, in which these offerings were to be offered (ch. 6:2-4 ; 14:12 ; 19:21 ; Num. 6:12 ). Concerning the trespass-offerings, Of the flock . Of fowls . Of flour (but chiefly a ram without blemish .