ACKNOWLEDG A SECURE SALVATION
1 Peter 1:1-12Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â March 4 2007
The apostle Peter died about A.D. 64-67. Toward the
end of his life , about A.D. 60 or shortly thereafter,
Peter lived in Rome. From the capital of the Roman
Empire he wrote a letter that was sent to and
circulated among several congregations in Asia Minor
These congregations were undergoing persecution
from their neighbors. This persecution was not
official, nor did it have imperial sanction. It probably
proceeded from a natural pagan dislike of neighbors
who followed a strange new religion. It also may have
flowed from persistent rumors about the beliefs and
practices of Christians .In the first chapter of this
letter, Peter addressed his readers as the people of
God. He assured them their salvation was due solely
to Godâ€™s purpose and action on their behalf in Christ
Jesus. Peter reminded these persecuted believers of
the great heritage they had as children of God. He spoke
of their new birth, their inheritance from the Father ,
and Godâ€™s protection of them .Peter encouraged the
readers to rejoice in the trials they faced .He assured
them those trials would refine their faith and would
ultimately produce honor for themselves and glory to
God. Th e apostle emphasized their security by telling
them the Hebrew prophets of the Old Testament
prophesied about salvation through Christ centuries
earlier. Peter then announced these Christians possessed
a salvation that even angels longed to understand.
1. Positive Identification (1Peter 1:1-2)
1Pet. 1:1Â Â Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To Godâ€™s elect,
strangers in the world, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia,
Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, 1:2Â Â who have been chosen
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through
the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus
Christ and sprinkling by his blood: Grace and peace be yours
About Peter, look at (Mt 16:18; Jn 1:42). ApostleÂ ( Mk 6:30;
1Co 1:1; Heb 3:1). People temporarily residing on earth but
whose home is in heaven (1Ch 29:15; Ps 39:12; Heb 13:14).
Scattered Throughout Pontus. . . Bithynia. Jewish and
Gentile Christians scattered throughout much of Asia
Minor. People from this area were in Jerusalem on the
day of Pentecost ( Acts 2:9-11). Paul preached and taught
in some of these provinces ( Acts 16:6; 18:23; 19:10,26).
Peter Chosen.Â (Eph 1:4). Foreknowledge. ( Ro 8:29). Father
. . . Spirit. . . Jesus Christ. All three persons of the Trinity
are involved in the redemption of the elect. Sanctifying
Work. ( 2Th 2:13). The order of the terms employed
suggests that the sanctifying work of the Spirit referred
to here is the influence of the Spirit that draws one from
sin toward holiness. Peter says it is â€œforâ€ (or â€œtoâ€)
obedience and sprinkling of Christâ€™s blood, i.e., the
Spiritâ€™s sanctifying leads to obedient saving faith and
cleansing from sin (1Co 7:14). Obedience to Jesus Crist.
Godâ€™s choice or election is designed to bring this about.
Sprinkling Prinkling by His blood . The benefits of
Christâ€™s redemption are applied to his people ( Ex 24:4-8;
Isa 52:15; Heb 9:11-14,18-28). Grace and Peace. ( Jn 4:2;
Jn 14:27; 20:19; Gal 1:3; Eph 1:2).
2. Certain Hope (1Peter 1:3-5)
1Pet. 1:3Â Â Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus
Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a
living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the
dead, 1:4Â Â and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil
or fade â€”kept in heaven for you, 1:5Â Â who through faith are
shielded by Godâ€™s power until the coming of the salvation that
is ready to be revealed in the last time.
Living Hope. In spite of the frequent suffering and
persecution mentioned in this letter (1 Pet.3: 6; 2:12,
18-25; 3:13-18; 4:1,4,12-19; 5:1,7-10), hope is such a key
thought in it (the word itself is used here and in 1Pet.3:13,
21; 3:5,15) that it may be called a letter of hope in the
midst of suffering . In the Bible, hope is not wishful
thinking but a firm conviction, much like faith that is
directed toward the future. Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Secures for his people their new birth and the hope that
they will be resurrected just as he was.
Believers are born again not only to a hope but also to the
inheritance that is the substance of the hope. The inheritance
is eternal â€”in its essence (it is not subject to decay) and in
its preservation (it is divinely kept for us).
Through faith. . . by God’s Power. There are two sides to the
perseverance of the Christian. He is shielded (1) by Godâ€™s
power and (2) by his own faith. Thus he is never kept
contrary to his will nor apart from Godâ€™s activity. Salvation
(2Ti 1:9). The Bible speaks of salvation as (1) past â€”when a
person first believes ( Tit 3:5), (2) present â€”the continuing
process of salvation, or sanctification (1Pet.5: 9; 1Co 1:18),
and (3) future â€”when Christ returns and salvation, or
sanctification, is completed through glorification
( Ro 8:23,30; 13:11).
3. Glorious Hope (1Peter 1:6-9)
1Pet. 1:6Â Â In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little
while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials.
1:7Â Â These have come so that your faith â€”of greater worth
than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire â€”may be
proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when
Jesus Christ is revealed. 1:8Â Â Though you have not seen him,
you love him; and even though you do not see him now, you
believe in him and are filled with an inexpressible and glorious
joy, 1:9Â Â for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the
salvation of your souls.
That your Faith. . . May be proved genuine. (Ro 5:3; Jas
1:2-4). Not only is the faith itself precious, but Peterâ€™s
words indicate that the trial of faith is also valuable.
Glory. A key word in 1,2 Peter.
Though you do not see him now,you believe. Similar to
Jesusâ€™ saying in (Jn 20:29), on an occasion when Peter
Souls. Implies the whole person. Peter is not excluding
the body from heaven.
4. Marvelous Salvation (1Peter 1:10-12)
1Pet. 1:10Â Â Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke
of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and
with the greatest care, 1:11Â Â trying to find out the time and
circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was
pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the
glories that would follow. 1:12Â Â It was revealed to them that
they were not serving themselves but you, when they spoke of
the things that have now been told you by those who have
preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven.
Even angels long to look into these things.
Prophets. . . Searched intently. Inspiration (2Pe 1:21) did
not bestow omniscience. The prophets probably did not
always understand the full significance of all the words
Spirit of Christ. The Holy Spirit is called this because
Christ sent him (Jn 16:7) and ministered through him
( Lk 4:14,18). THE Sufferings of Christ and the golries. A
theme running through the Bible ( Ps 22; Isa 52:13-53:12;
Zec 9:9-10; 13:7; Mt 16:21-23; 17:22; 20:19; Lk 24:26,46;
Jn 2:19; Acts 3:17-21), and a basic concept in this letter
(1Pet.1:18-21; 3:17-22; 4:12-16; 5:1,4,9-10). Those who
are united to Christ will also, after suffering, enter into
glory. And they will benefit in the midst of their present
sufferings from his having already entered into glory
(1Pet.11: 3,8,21; 3:21-22).
Holy spirit sent from heaven. By Christ, on the day of
Pentecost ( Acts 2:33), at which Peter was present. God
the Father also sent the Spirit (Jn 14:16,26). Angels long
to look into. Their intense desire is highlighted by the
Greek word rendered â€œto look into.â€ It means â€œto stoop
and look intentlyâ€ ( Jn 20:5,11).
The cross and resurrection of Jesus Christ makes
possible the miraculous transformation of believers.
New Testament writers used many word pictures to
describe this salvation, one of which is “new birth.”
First Peter 1:3 uses the word meaning “to give new
birth.” First Peter 2:2 describes new believers as
“new born infants.”
Paul described this work of God with the word
meaning “rebirth” or “regeneration” (Tit. 3:5).
Peter and Paul no doubt adopted this picture from
our Lord Himself. Jesus told Nicodemus, a teacher
of the Hebrew Scriptures, “Unless someone is born
again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Jesus then
told the Pharisee, “You must be born again” (John
3:3,7). Jesus used a Greek word that means either
“again” or “from above.” Jesusâ€™ words to Nicodemus
probably had a double meaning, “You must be
born again from above.” The newness Christ brings
also is called “the new man” (Eph. 2:15,4:24; Col.
3:10) and “a new creation” (2 Cor. 5:17) in the New