EXERCISE SUBMISSION POWER
1 Peter 3:1-12 April 1 2007
In the last part of chapter 2, Peter had addressed
every believer as inhabitant of the Roman Empire
(1Pet.2:13-17). He instructed believers to subject
themselves to the authority of the state. Then he
addressed Christians who were slaves (1Pet.
2:18-25), telling them to submit voluntarily to
their masters. Clearly the people to whom Peter
was writing were powerless and subject to
abuse by those in power. Next , in these early
verses from chapter 3, the apostle turned to
another weak and vulnerable group, wives of
1. Power To Convince
1Pet. 3:1 Wives, in the same way be submissive to
your husbands so that, if any of them do not believe
the word, they may be won over without words by
the behavior of their wives, 3:2 when they see the
purity and reverence of your lives. 3:3 Your beauty
should not come from outward adornment, such as
braided hair and the wearing of gold jewelry and
fine clothes. 3:4 Instead, it should be that of your
inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet
spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 3:5
For this is the way the holy women of the past who
put their hope in God used to make themselves
beautiful. They were submissive to their own
husbands, 3:6 like Sarah, who obeyed Abraham
and called him her master. You are her daughters
if you do what is right and do not give way to
Instructions to wives (1Pet.3:1-6) , (Ge 3:16;
1Co 11:3; Eph 5:22-24; Col 3:18; 1Ti 2:9-10;
Tit 2:5).In the same way(1Pet.3:1). As
believers are to submit to government
authorities (1 Pet.2:13-17), and as slaves
are to submit to masters (1 Pet.2:18-25).
Be Submissive. The same Greek verb as is
used in (1 Pet.2:13,18), a term that calls
for submission to a recognized authority.
Inferiority is not implied by this passage.
The submission is one of role or function
necessary for the orderly operation of the
home. The Word. The gospel message.
Without Words. Believing wives are not
to rely on argumentation to win their
unbelieving husbands, but on the quality
of their lives.
Purity and reverence. Their lives are to be
marked by a moral purity that springs
from reverence toward God. Hair. . .
Jewelry. Extreme coiffures and gaudy
exhibits of jewelry. Christian women
should not rely on such extremes of
adornment for beauty. The Greek for
this word simply means “garment,” but
in this context expensive garments are
meant. Holy women of the past. The
standards stated by Peter are not limited
to any particular time or culture. Her
Master. An expression of the submission
called for in (1Pet.1:1). Her daughters. . .
Fear. Christian women become daughters
of Sarah as they become like her in doing
good and in not fearing any potential
disaster, but trusting in God ( Pr 3:25-27).
2. Power of Honor
1Pet. 3:7 Husbands, in the same way be
considerate as you live with your wives, and
treat them with respect as the weaker partner
and as heirs with you of the gracious gift of
life, so that nothing will hinder your prayers.
Weaker partner. Not a reference to moral
stamina, strength of character or mental
capacity, but most likely to sheer physical
strength. Heirs with you of the gracious
gift of Life. Women experience the saving
grace of God on equal terms with men
(Gal 3:28). Hinder your prayers. Spiritual
fellowship, with God and with one another,
may be hindered by disregarding God’s
instruction concerning husband-wife
3. Power to Be Blessed
1Pet. 3:8 Finally, all of you, live in harmony
with one another; be sympathetic, love as
brothers, be compassionate and humble.
3:9 Do not repay evil with evil or insult
with insult, but with blessing, because to
this you were called so that you may
inherit a blessing. 3:10 For, “Whoever
would love life and see good days must
keep his tongue from evil and his lips
from deceitful speech. 3:11 He must turn
from evil and do good; he must seek peace
and pursue it. 3:12 For the eyes of the
Lord are on the righteous and his ears are
attentive to their prayer, but the face of
the Lord is against those who do evil.”
In (1Pet.2:11-17) Peter addressed all
his readers(1Pet.3:8-12), and in (1Pet.
2:18-25) he spoke directly to slaves; in
(1Pet.3:1-6) he addressed wives, and in
(1Pet.3:7) husbands. Now he encourages
all his readers to develop virtues
appropriate in their relations with others
( “all of you,” 1Pet.3: 8). Live in Harmony.
(Ro 12:16; Php 2:2. Be Sympathetic. (Ro
12:15; 1Co 12:26. Love as Brothers. (1Th
4:9-10; Heb 13:1). Be compassionate.
(Col 3:12. Humble. Php 2:6-8).
(Ro 12:17-21). In (1 Pet.3:10-12) Peter
introduces this quotation from Ps 34 with
the explanatory conjunction “For,”
showing that he views the quotation as
giving reasons for obeying the exhortation
of (1 Pet.3: 9). According to the psalmist,
(1) the one who does such things will find
life to be most gratifying (1 Pet 3:10), (2)
his days will be good (1 Pet. 3:10), (3) God’s
eyes will ever be on him to bless him
(1 Pet.3:12), and (4) God’s ears will be
ready to hear his prayer (1 Pet3:12).
In (1 Peter 2:13-3:6), Peter had discussed
submission of believers in positions of
weakness and vulnerability in relation to those
in positions of power. Later he would return to
the subject (1pet. 5:5-7). As this point , though ,
he concluded his words about submission by
turning to its meaning for the church as
members relate to one another.
Our culture deeply resents notion of
submission , but the New Testament clearly
teaches submission as characteristic
Christian attitude. Submissiveness reflects
for others, concern for the spiritual, and
trust in God.
God Bless My Friend
Robert G O’Haver