Zechariah 4:1-6:15 July 22 2007
This week’s lesson describes Zechariah’s remaining
four vision and the crowning of Joshua. In the vision
the lamp stand God revealed He would rebuild the
temple through the power of the Holy Spirit , not
through human power or might. The Holy Spirit’s
instruments would be Zerubbabel and Joshua – God’s
political and spiritual leader- and the people of God
God knows everyone’s sins and will bring judgment
on them (Zech.5:1-4)
Wickedness id not belonged in the past, in Babylon
The vision showed that God, not Babylon or Persia
or any other enemy, was in change of history
The crowning of Joshua symbolized the combining
of the offices of king and priest found in the
Messiah , the Lord Jesus Christ (Zech. 6:9-15).
1. A vision to Ponder (Zech.4:1-5)
Zech. 4:1 Then the angel who talked with me returned
and wakened me, as a man is wakened from his sleep.
4:2 He asked me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I
see a solid gold lamp stand with a bowl at the top and
seven lights on it, with seven channels to the lights.
4:3 Also there are two olive trees by it, one on the
right of the bowl and the other on its left.” 4:4 I asked
the angel who talked with me, “What are these, my lord?”
4:5 He answered, “Do you not know what these are?”
No, my lord,” I replied.
(Zech.4:1-14) The fifth vision. The Jews are
encouraged to rebuild the temple by being reminded
of their divine resources. The light from the
lamp stand in the tabernacle /temple represents the
reflection of God’s glory in the consecration and the
holy service of God’s people ( Exodus. 25:31 )—made
possible only by the power of God’s Spirit (Zech.4: 6;
the oil, Zech.4:12). This enabling power will equip
and sustain Zerubbabel in the rebuilding of the temple
(Zech.4:6-10). And in the performance of their offices,
Zerubbabel and Joshua (as representatives of the royal
and priestly mediatorial offices) will channel the
Spirit’s enablement to God’s people (Zech.4:11-14).
(Zech.4:1) Wakened me. On the same night (Zech.1:8).
What do you see? (Zech.5:2; Jer 1:11). The vision here
was probably of seven lamps arranged around a large
bowl that served as a bountiful reservoir of oil. The
“seven channels to the lights” conveyed the oil from
the bowl to the lamps. But the text is also open to a
different interpretation, namely, that the “channels”
are “lips” or “spouts” that hold the wicks of these
oil lamps, and that each of these lamps had seven of
them (thus a total of 49 flames). In any event, the
bowl represents an abundant supply of oil,
symbolizing the fullness of God’s power through his
Spirit, and the “seven. . . seven” represents the
abundant light shining from the lamps (seven being
the number of fullness or completeness).
Two olive trees. (Rev 11:4). The two olive trees stand
for the priestly and royal offices and symbolize a
continuing supply of oil. The two olive branches
(Zech.4:12) stand for Joshua the priest (Chan. 3) and
Zerubbabel from the royal house of David (Chan. 4;
Zech.4:14). These two leaders were to do God’s work
(on the temple and in the lives of the people) in the
power of his Spirit (Zech.4:6). The combination of
the priestly and royal lines and their functions
points ultimately to the Messianic King-Priest and
his offices and functions (Zech.6:13).
The two olive trees of (Zech.4: 3, asZech.4:11) makes
clear. The answer to the question is postponed until
2. A Message To Heed (4:6-10a)
Zech. 4:6 So he said to me, “This is the word of the
LORD to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by might nor by power, but
by my Spirit,’ says the LORD Almighty. 4:7 “What are
you, O mighty mountain? Before Zerubbabel you will
become level ground. Then he will bring out the capstone
to shouts of ‘God bless it! God bless it!’ ” 4:8 Then the
word of the LORD came to me: 4:9 “The hands of
Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple; his
hands will also complete it. Then you will know that
the LORD Almighty has sent me to you. 4:10a “Who
despises the day of small things?
Not by might nor by power. Even though Zerubbabel
does not possess the royal might and power that
David and Solomon had enjoyed. By My Spirit.
Interprets the symbolism of the oil (Zech.4:12). The
angel encouraged Zerubbabel to complete the
rebuilding of the temple (Zech.4:7-10) and assured
him of the Spirit’s enablement.
Mountain. . . Level ground. Faith in the power of God’s
Spirit can overcome mountainous obstacles. The
figurative mountain probably included opposition
(Ezr 4:1-5,24) and the people’s unwillingness to
persevere (Hag 1:14; 2:1-5).the same or similar
imagery in (Isa 40:4; 41:15; 49:11; Mt 17:20; 21:21;
Mk 11:23; 1Co 13:2; 2Co 10:4). Capstone. The final
stone to be put in place (Psalms 118:22), marking
the completion of the restoration temple by
Zerubbabel (Zech.4: 9). God blessit! God Bless it !
Repeated for emphasis (Zech.3:2; Isa 40:1).
Laid the foundation. In 537-536 B.C. (Ezr 3:8-11;
5:16). Complete it In 516 (Ezr 6:14-16).
Day of small thing. Some thought the work on the
temple was insignificant (Ezr 3:12; Hag 2:3), but
God was in the rebuilding program and, by his Spirit
(Zech.4:6), would enable Zerubbabel to finish it.
3. A Master To Serve (Zech. 4:10b-14)
Zech. 4:10b Men will rejoice when they see the plumb
line in the hand of Zerubbabel. These seven are the eyes
of the LORD, which range throughout the earth.)” 4:11
Then I asked the angel, “What are these two olive trees
on the right and the left of the lampstand?” 4:12 Again
I asked him, “What are these two olive branches beside
the two gold pipes that pour out golden oil?” 4:13 He
replied, “Do you not know what these are?” No, my lord,
” I said. 4:14 So he said, “These are the two who are
anointed to serve the Lord of all the earth.”
Plumb line. The meaning of the Hebrew for this
phrase is uncertain. If “plumb line” is correct, the
text states that the people would rejoice when they
saw this implement in Zerubbabel’s hand to
complete the task. But the Hebrew for these words
may also be rendered “separated (chosen) stone,”
referring to the capstone of (Zech.4:7). Seven. . . Eyes.
(Zech.3:9). God oversees the whole earth and is
therefore in control of the situation in Judah.
The meaning of the vision is now explained. Two. . .
Anointed. Zerubbabel from the royal line of David and
Joshua the priest. The oil (Zech.4:12) used in anointing
symbolizes the Holy Spirit (Zech.4:6). The combination
of ruler and priest points ultimately to the Messianic
King-Priest (Zech.6:13; Ps 110; Heb 7). Lord of all the
Earth. The master of the circumstances in which
Zerubbabel and the people found themselves.
To this day I am still drawn to Books that
emphasize prayer and the Holy Spirit’s ministry in
the work of the church. Unless the Holy Spirit is
allowed to work through God’s people , nothing
lasting will be accomplished. That the Spirit wants
to help is a constant source of encouragement and
hope to preachers and teachers and all Christians
as they serve the Lord.