Zechariah 9-14 Joy

               JOY
      Zechariah 9:1-14:21    August 5 2007

    Zechariah chapters 9-14 is in the format of two
    prophetic utterances, or oracles, and overviews
    God’s plan for His People from the time of
    Zechariah to the end of time. This overview was
    designed to encourage and bring joy to God’s
    disheartened people .

    1. Rejoice over the Savior (Zech. 9:9;12:10)

Zech. 9:9   Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout,
Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you,
righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a
donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. 12:10   “And I
will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants
of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They
will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they
will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child,
and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a
firstborn son.

    Quoted in the NT as Messianic and as referring
    ultimately to the Triumphal Entry of Jesus into
    Jerusalem (Matt 21:5; John 12:15). Daughter of
    Zion. A personification of Jerusalem and its
    inhabitants. Your King. The Davidic (“your”)
    Messianic King. Righteous. Conforming to the divine
    standard of morality and ethics, particularly as
    revealed in the Mosaic legislation; a characteristic
    of the ideal king ( 2Sam. 23:3-4; Psalms 72:1-3;
    Isa 9:7; 11:4-5; 53:11; Jer 23:5-6; 33:15-16). Gentle.
    Or “humble” (Isa 53:2-3,7; Matt. 11:29). Riding on a
    donkey. A suitable choice, since the donkey was a
    lowly animal of peace (contrast the war-horse of
    Zech.9:10) as well as a princely mount (Judges 10:4;
    12:14; 2Sam. 16:2) before the horse came into
    common use. The royal mount used by David and his
    sons was the mule (2Sa 18:9; 1Ki 1:33).
    A Spirit. (Isa 32:15 ; 44:3; 59:20-21; Jer 31:31,33;
    Eze 36:26-27; 39:29; Joel 2:28-29). Look on. The
    emphasis seems to be on looking “to” the Messiah in
    faith (Num. 21:9; Isa 45:22; John 3:14-15). Pierced.
    (Psalms 22:16; Isa 53:5; John 19:34; partly fulfilled
    in John 19:37). Mourns for an only child. (Jer 6:26.
    Grieves for a firstborn son Ex 11:5-6).

    2. Rejoice over Cleansing    (Zech. 13:1,7-9)

Zech. 13:1   “On that day a fountain will be opened to
the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
to cleanse them from sin and impurity. 13:7   “Awake,
O sword, against my shepherd, against the man who
is close to me!” declares the LORD Almighty. Strike
the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I
will turn my hand against the little ones. 13:8   In the
whole land,” declares the LORD, two-thirds will be
struck down and perish; yet one-third will be left in
it. 13:9   This third I will bring into the fire; I will
refine them like silver and test them like gold. They
will call on my name and I will answer them; I will
say, ‘They are my people,’ and they will say, ‘The LORD
is our God.’ ”

    Cleanse them from sin. (Zech.3:4-9); one of the
    provisions of the new covenant (Jer 31:34; Eze
    36:25).
    My Shepherd. The royal (Messianic) Good Shepherd
    (the true Shepherd of Zech.11:4-14; contrast the
    foolish and worthless shepherd of Zech.11:15-17).
    Strike the Shepherd. In (Zech.11:17) it was the
    worthless shepherd who was to be struck; now it
    is the Good Shepherd ( also Zech.12:10). Sheep will
    be scattered. In fulfillment of the curses for
    covenant disobedience (Dt 28:64; 29:24-25). This
    part of the verse is quoted by Jesus not long before
    his arrest (Matt. 26:31; Mark 14:27) and applied to
    the scattering of the apostles (Matt. 26:56; Mark
    14:49-50), who in turn are probably typological of
    the dispersion of the Jews in A.D. 70 and the
    subsequent years.
    (Zech.13:8-9) These verses depict a refining process
    for Israel (Isa 48:10). (Zech13:8) One-third. A
    remnant, thus revealing God’s mercy in the midst
    of judgment.
    They are my people. . . The Lord is our God. (Zech.8:8).
    They will be restored to proper covenant relationship
    with the Lord ( Eze 20:30-44).

    3. Rejoice over the Coming King (Zech.14:3-4,5b-9)

Zech. 14:3   Then the LORD will go out and fight against
those nations, as he fights in the day of battle. 14:4  
On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives,
east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split
in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with
half of the mountain moving north and half moving
south. 14:5b   You will flee as you fled from the
earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the
LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.
14:6   On that day there will be no light, no cold or frost.
14:7   It will be a unique day, without daytime or
nighttime —a day known to the LORD. When evening
comes, there will be light. 14:8   On that day living
water will flow out from Jerusalem, half to the
eastern sea and half to the western sea, in summer
and in winter.14:9   The LORD will be king over the
whole earth. On that day there will be one LORD,
and his name the only name.

    Day of battle. Any occasion when the Lord
    supernaturally intervenes to deliver his people, s
    uch as at the Red Sea ( Ex 14:14).
    Mount of Olives. Called by this name elsewhere
    in the OT only in (2Sa 15:30). This prophecy is
    probably referred to in (Acts 1:11-12). East.
    Thus it faced the temple mount and, being about
    2,700 feet high, rose about 200 feet above it.
    (Eze 11:23; 43:1-2).
    The name of a place east of Jerusalem, marking
    the eastern end of the newly formed valley. The
    location is unknown. Holy Ones. May include both
    believers and angels. They will accompany our
    Lord when he comes (Matt. 25:31; 1Th 3:13;
    Jude 14; Rev 19:14).
    Unique Day. Due to the topographical, cosmic and
    cataclysmic changes. (Isa 60:19-20 ;Rev 21:23-25;
    22:5).
    Living water will flow. Perhaps both literal and
    symbolic (Psalms 46:4; 65:9; Isa 8:6; Jer 2:13; Eze
    47:1-12; Joel 3:18; Jn 4:10-14; 7:38; Rev 22:1-2).
    The Lord will be King over the whole Earth. A
    pervasive theological theme in Scripture. One Lord.
    (Dt 6:4; Isa 43:11).
    Geba. About six miles north-northeast of Jerusalem
    at the northern boundary of Judah (2Ki 23:8). Rimmon.
    Also called En Rimmon (Neb. 11:29; Jos 15:32), it was
    about 35 miles south-southwest of Jerusalem, where
    the hill country of Judah slopes away into the Negev.
    Arabah. (Dt 1:1). All the land around Jerusalem is to
    be leveled. Jerusalem will be raised up . (Isa 2:2-4).
    The elevation may be both physical and in prominence.
    Benjamin Gate. . . First gate. . . Tower of Hananel. All
    were probably at the northeastern part of the city
    wall (Jer 31:38; 37:12-13; 38:7). Corner gate. At the
    northwest corner ( Jer 31:38). Royal Winepresses.
    Just south of the city. Thus the whole city is
    included.

    Summary:

        Zechariah’s prophecy with a picture of the
    victorious Lord reigning on His throne in His kingdom.
    He is victorious in the final battle over the nations
    that oppose Him. People from many nation will come
    to worship the King, the Lord of Host , in a restored,
    cleaned, and holy Jerusalem.
        Everything in these chapters will take place
    because of the coming of the promised Messiah-King.
    The New Testament identifies that Person as Jesus
    Christ, the Son of God.