Zechariah 9:1-14:21 August 5 2007
Zechariah chapters 9-14 is in the format of two
prophetic utterances, or oracles, and overviews
God’s plan for His People from the time of
Zechariah to the end of time. This overview was
designed to encourage and bring joy to God’s
disheartened people .
1. Rejoice over the Savior (Zech. 9:9;12:10)
Zech. 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout,
Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you,
righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a
donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. 12:10 “And I
will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants
of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They
will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they
will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child,
and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a
Quoted in the NT as Messianic and as referring
ultimately to the Triumphal Entry of Jesus into
Jerusalem (Matt 21:5; John 12:15). Daughter of
Zion. A personification of Jerusalem and its
inhabitants. Your King. The Davidic (“your”)
Messianic King. Righteous. Conforming to the divine
standard of morality and ethics, particularly as
revealed in the Mosaic legislation; a characteristic
of the ideal king ( 2Sam. 23:3-4; Psalms 72:1-3;
Isa 9:7; 11:4-5; 53:11; Jer 23:5-6; 33:15-16). Gentle.
Or “humble” (Isa 53:2-3,7; Matt. 11:29). Riding on a
donkey. A suitable choice, since the donkey was a
lowly animal of peace (contrast the war-horse of
Zech.9:10) as well as a princely mount (Judges 10:4;
12:14; 2Sam. 16:2) before the horse came into
common use. The royal mount used by David and his
sons was the mule (2Sa 18:9; 1Ki 1:33).
A Spirit. (Isa 32:15 ; 44:3; 59:20-21; Jer 31:31,33;
Eze 36:26-27; 39:29; Joel 2:28-29). Look on. The
emphasis seems to be on looking “to” the Messiah in
faith (Num. 21:9; Isa 45:22; John 3:14-15). Pierced.
(Psalms 22:16; Isa 53:5; John 19:34; partly fulfilled
in John 19:37). Mourns for an only child. (Jer 6:26.
Grieves for a firstborn son Ex 11:5-6).
2. Rejoice over Cleansing (Zech. 13:1,7-9)
Zech. 13:1 “On that day a fountain will be opened to
the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
to cleanse them from sin and impurity. 13:7 “Awake,
O sword, against my shepherd, against the man who
is close to me!” declares the LORD Almighty. Strike
the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I
will turn my hand against the little ones. 13:8 In the
whole land,” declares the LORD, two-thirds will be
struck down and perish; yet one-third will be left in
it. 13:9 This third I will bring into the fire; I will
refine them like silver and test them like gold. They
will call on my name and I will answer them; I will
say, ‘They are my people,’ and they will say, ‘The LORD
is our God.’ ”
Cleanse them from sin. (Zech.3:4-9); one of the
provisions of the new covenant (Jer 31:34; Eze
My Shepherd. The royal (Messianic) Good Shepherd
(the true Shepherd of Zech.11:4-14; contrast the
foolish and worthless shepherd of Zech.11:15-17).
Strike the Shepherd. In (Zech.11:17) it was the
worthless shepherd who was to be struck; now it
is the Good Shepherd ( also Zech.12:10). Sheep will
be scattered. In fulfillment of the curses for
covenant disobedience (Dt 28:64; 29:24-25). This
part of the verse is quoted by Jesus not long before
his arrest (Matt. 26:31; Mark 14:27) and applied to
the scattering of the apostles (Matt. 26:56; Mark
14:49-50), who in turn are probably typological of
the dispersion of the Jews in A.D. 70 and the
(Zech.13:8-9) These verses depict a refining process
for Israel (Isa 48:10). (Zech13:8) One-third. A
remnant, thus revealing God’s mercy in the midst
They are my people. . . The Lord is our God. (Zech.8:8).
They will be restored to proper covenant relationship
with the Lord ( Eze 20:30-44).
3. Rejoice over the Coming King (Zech.14:3-4,5b-9)
Zech. 14:3 Then the LORD will go out and fight against
those nations, as he fights in the day of battle. 14:4
On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives,
east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split
in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with
half of the mountain moving north and half moving
south. 14:5b You will flee as you fled from the
earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the
LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.
14:6 On that day there will be no light, no cold or frost.
14:7 It will be a unique day, without daytime or
nighttime —a day known to the LORD. When evening
comes, there will be light. 14:8 On that day living
water will flow out from Jerusalem, half to the
eastern sea and half to the western sea, in summer
and in winter.14:9 The LORD will be king over the
whole earth. On that day there will be one LORD,
and his name the only name.
Day of battle. Any occasion when the Lord
supernaturally intervenes to deliver his people, s
uch as at the Red Sea ( Ex 14:14).
Mount of Olives. Called by this name elsewhere
in the OT only in (2Sa 15:30). This prophecy is
probably referred to in (Acts 1:11-12). East.
Thus it faced the temple mount and, being about
2,700 feet high, rose about 200 feet above it.
(Eze 11:23; 43:1-2).
The name of a place east of Jerusalem, marking
the eastern end of the newly formed valley. The
location is unknown. Holy Ones. May include both
believers and angels. They will accompany our
Lord when he comes (Matt. 25:31; 1Th 3:13;
Jude 14; Rev 19:14).
Unique Day. Due to the topographical, cosmic and
cataclysmic changes. (Isa 60:19-20 ;Rev 21:23-25;
Living water will flow. Perhaps both literal and
symbolic (Psalms 46:4; 65:9; Isa 8:6; Jer 2:13; Eze
47:1-12; Joel 3:18; Jn 4:10-14; 7:38; Rev 22:1-2).
The Lord will be King over the whole Earth. A
pervasive theological theme in Scripture. One Lord.
(Dt 6:4; Isa 43:11).
Geba. About six miles north-northeast of Jerusalem
at the northern boundary of Judah (2Ki 23:8). Rimmon.
Also called En Rimmon (Neb. 11:29; Jos 15:32), it was
about 35 miles south-southwest of Jerusalem, where
the hill country of Judah slopes away into the Negev.
Arabah. (Dt 1:1). All the land around Jerusalem is to
be leveled. Jerusalem will be raised up . (Isa 2:2-4).
The elevation may be both physical and in prominence.
Benjamin Gate. . . First gate. . . Tower of Hananel. All
were probably at the northeastern part of the city
wall (Jer 31:38; 37:12-13; 38:7). Corner gate. At the
northwest corner ( Jer 31:38). Royal Winepresses.
Just south of the city. Thus the whole city is
Zechariah’s prophecy with a picture of the
victorious Lord reigning on His throne in His kingdom.
He is victorious in the final battle over the nations
that oppose Him. People from many nation will come
to worship the King, the Lord of Host , in a restored,
cleaned, and holy Jerusalem.
Everything in these chapters will take place
because of the coming of the promised Messiah-King.
The New Testament identifies that Person as Jesus
Christ, the Son of God.