BE PATIENCE WITH OTHERS
Matthew 13:1-53 October 14 2007
Matthew 13:1-53 is a parables chapter and the third major
block of Jesus’ teaching in the Gospel (the Sermon on the
Mount being the first [Matt.5-7], the missionary discourse
being the second [Matt. 10]). This section is a series of
Jesus’ parables and interpretations concerning the kingdom
The parable of the soils (Matt.13:1-23) is often called the
parable of the sower, but the focus is clearly on the different
natures of the soils. This parables presents a way to understand and why some people accept the gospel and others do not. Contained in it is also the explanation of why Jesus spoke in parables. Those who exercise faith learn the lessons of the kingdom. Those who do not , remain in the dark.
1. Patience is Essential (Matt. 13:24-30)
Matt. 13:24 Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of
heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. 13:25
But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds
among the wheat, and went away. 13:26 When the wheat sprouted
and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared. 13:27 “The
owner’s servants came to him and said, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good
seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?’ 13:28
“ ‘An enemy did this,’ he replied. The servants asked him, ‘Do you
want us to go and pull them up?’ 13:29 “ ‘No,’ he answered,
‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may root up the
wheat with them. 13:30 Let both grow together until the harvest.
At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and
tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring
it into my barn.’ ”
The parable of the wheat and weeds and its explanation (Matt.
13:24-30,36-43) illustrates the troubling presence of evil in
the world . The main focus is on our exercising patience and
trusting God to deliver judgment in His time.
The kingdom of heaven is like. This phrase introduces six of
the seven parables in this chapter (all but the parable of the
sower). Weeds. Probably darnel, which looks very much like
wheat while it is young, but can later be distinguished. This
parable does not refer to unbelievers in the professing church.
The field is the world (Matt.13:38). Thus the people of the
kingdom live side by side with the people of the evil one.
2. Trust Is Necessary (Matt. 13:36-39)
Matt. 13:36 Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His
disciples came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the
weeds in the field.” 13:37 He answered, “The one who sowed the
good seed is the Son of Man. 13:38 The field is the world, and the
good seed stands for the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the
sons of the evil one, 13:39 and the enemy who sows them is the
devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are
Jesus often would explain His teaching in more detail to the
disciples. When He dismissed the crowd, the disciples saw an
opportunity for deeper understanding. Thus they asked Him to
explain the parable of the weeds in the field.
The coexistence of good and evil in the world may be
frustrating to us , but we can trust God to act in His
time. At that point we will all be able to see He acted
justly and will be grateful out timetable and standard
In the Bible, yeast usually symbolizes that which is evil
or unclean ( Mark 8:15). Here, however, it is a symbol of
growth. As yeast permeates a batch of dough, so the
kingdom of heaven spreads through a person’s life. Or it
may signify the growth of the kingdom by the inner
working of the Holy Spirit (using God’s word).
3. Rewards Will Come (Matt.13:40-43)
Matt. 13:40 “As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire,
so it will be at the end of the age. 13:41 The Son of Man will
send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom
everything that causes sin and all who do evil. 13:42 They will
throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping
and gnashing of teeth. 13:43 Then the righteous will shine like
the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him
These parables teach the same truth: The kingdom is of such
great value that one should be willing to give up all he has
in order to gain it. Jesus did not imply that one can purchase
the kingdom with money or good deeds. (Matt.13:44) Treasure
hidden in a field. In ancient times it was common to hide
treasure in the ground since there were no banks —though there
were “bankers” (Matt 25:27).
The parable of the net teaches the same general lesson as the
parable of the weeds: There will be a final separation of the
righteous and the wicked. The parable of the weeds also
emphasizes that we are not to try to make such a separation
now and that this is entirely the Lord’s business
The "end of the age" is one of several descriptions of the final judgment. Others are "day of the Lord , "that day," and "great day." It will be a day when all people will be judged , evil will be eradicated, and even creation itself will be renewed. For Christians, however, the judgment day will be a time of weighting their works to determine their rewards, not their salvation. Faith in Christ will have already determined that. For believers this day will be a time of affirmation.
This appointed time in the future is not known to anyone, and even Jesus resisted pinning down the date (Acts 1:7). The reality of the judgment assures us of the limits of evil and frees us to work and serve God without worrying about the extent of evil.