Matthew 26-28 On Mission

                ON MISSION
    Matthew 26:1-28:20      November 25 2007

    These three chapter focus on Jesus’ concluding activities –
    His arrest, death, and resurrection.
    His pronouncements of condemnation and the parables of
    judgment soon led to Jesus’ arrest and trial before Jewish
    authorities and their decision to seek His death
    (Matt. 26:1-56).
    The 27th chapter concentrates on Jesus’ death. The religious
    leaders could condemn a man to death but were prohibited
    by the Romans from carrying out that penalty.
    Chapter 28th and the record of the resurrection is
    surprisingly short in all of the Gospels. The writers
    were not necessarily trying to prove the resurrection., for
    it was indisputable in the early church. They were
    satisfied to record a few of His appearances. What
    Matthew recorded in significant especially for the
    assignment Jesus gave to all His disciples throughout
    history.

    1. Jesus Died For Us (Matt. 27:35-37,45-50)

Matt. 27:35   When they had crucified him, they divided up his
clothes by casting lots. 27:36   And sitting down, they kept
watch over him there. 27:37   Above his head they placed the
written charge against him: THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE
JEWS. 27:45   From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness
came over all the land. 27:46   About the ninth hour Jesus cried
out in a loud voice, {“Eloi, Eloi, lama} {sabachthani?”}  —which
means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” 27:47  
When some of those standing there heard this, they said, “He’s
calling Elijah.” 27:48   Immediately one of them ran and got a
sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a stick, and
offered it to Jesus to drink. 27:49   The rest said, “Now leave
him alone. Let’s see if Elijah comes to save him.” 27:50   And
when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his
spirit.

    Crucified. (Mark 15:24). Casting lots. Explained more
    precisely in (John 19:23-24).
     Crucified. A Roman means of execution in which the victim
    was nailed to a cross. Heavy, wrought-iron nails were
    driven through the wrists and the heel bones. If the life of
    the victim lingered too long, death was hastened by
    breaking his legs ( John 19:33). Archaeologists have
    discovered the bones of a crucified man, near Jerusalem,
    dating between A.D. 7 and 66, which shed light on the
    position of the victim when nailed to the cross. Only slaves,
    the basest of criminals, and offenders who were not Roman
    citizens were executed in this manner. First-century authors
    vividly describe the agony and disgrace of being crucified.
    Dividing up his clothes. It was the accepted right of the
    executioner’s squad to claim the minor possessions of the
    victim. Jesus’ clothing probably consisted of an under and
    an outer garment, a belt, sandals and possibly a head covering.
    Charge against him . It was customary to write the charge
    on a wooden board that was carried before the victim as he
    walked to the place of execution, and then the board was
    affixed to the cross above his head. THE KING OF THE JEWS.
    The wording of the charge differs slightly in the Gospels,
    but all agree that Jesus was crucified for claiming to be
    the king of the Jews.
    From the sixth hour until the ninth hour.. From noon until
    3:00 P.M.
    ELOI, ELOI, Lama Sabachthani? A mixture of Aramaic and
    Hebrew, translated by Matthew for his readers
    ( Mark 15:34-35).
     The words were spoken in Aramaic (but with some Hebrew
    characteristics), one of the languages commonly spoken
    in Palestine in Jesus’ day. They reveal how deeply Jesus
    felt his abandonment by God as he bore the sins of mankind
    ( Psalms 22 and Psalms 22:1).
    Elijah. The bystanders mistook the first words of Jesus’
    cry (“Eloi, Eloi”) to be a cry for Elijah. It was commonly
    believed that Elijah would come in times of critical need
    to protect the innocent and rescue the righteous
    (Mark 15:36).
     Curtain. The inner curtain that separated the Holy Place
    from the Most Holy Place. The tearing of the curtain
    signified Christ’s making it possible for believers to go
    directly into God’s presence (Heb 9:1-14; 10:14-22).

    2. Jesus Was Resurrected for Us (Matt. 28:5-10)

Matt. 28:5   The angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for
I know that you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified. 28:6 
 He is not here; he has risen, just as he said. Come and see the
place where he lay. 28:7   Then go quickly and tell his disciples:
‘He has risen from the dead and is going ahead of you into Galilee.
There you will see him.’ Now I have told you.” 28:8   So the
women hurried away from the tomb, afraid yet filled with joy,
and ran to tell his disciples. 28:9   Suddenly Jesus met them.
“Greetings,” he said. They came to him, clasped his feet and
worshiped him. 28:10   Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be
afraid. Go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee; there they will
see me.”

     First day of the week. (Luke 24:1. The other Mary. The wife
    of Clopas and sister of the mother of Jesus (Matt. 27:56;
    John 19:25).
    First day of the week. Sunday began by Jewish time at
    sundown on Saturday. Spices could then be bought (Mark 16:1),
    and they were ready to set out early the next day. When the
    women started out, it was dark (John 20:1), and by the time
    they arrived at the tomb, it was still early dawn (Matt 28:1;
    Mark 16:2). Resurrection appearances event date Matt. Mark
    Luke John Acts1 Cor At the empty tomb outside Jerusalem —
    Early Sunday morning (Matt 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-8;
    Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-9) To Mary Magdalene at the tomb —
    Early Sunday morning (Mark 16:9-11; John 20:11-18) To two
    travelers on the road to Emmaus —Sunday at midday
    (Luke 24:13-32) To Peter in Jerusalem —During the day on
    Sunday (Luke 24:34; 1Co 15:5) To the ten disciples in the
    upper room —Sunday evening (Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-43;
    John 20:19-25) To the eleven disciples in the upper room
    —One week later (John 20:26-31; 1Co 15:5) To seven
    disciples fishing on the Sea of Galilee —One day at daybreak
    (John 21:1-23) To eleven disciples on the mountain in
    Galilee —Some time later (Matt 28:16-20; Mark 16:15-18)
    To more than 500 —Some time later (1Co 15:6) To James —
    Some time later (1Co 15:7) At the Ascension on the
    (Mt. of Olives Forty days after the resurrection
    (Luke 24:44-49; Acts 1:3-8) There was. The sense is
    “Now there had been.” It is clear from the parallel
    accounts (Mark 16:2-6; Luke 24:1-7; John 20:1) that the
    events of (Matt.28: 2-4) occurred before the women
    actually arrived at the tomb. A VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE.
    Only Matthew mentions this earthquake and the one at
    Jesus’ death (Matt. 27:51,54).
    The stone rolled away. A tomb’s entrance was ordinarily
    closed to keep vandals and animals from disturbing the
    bodies. This stone, however, had been sealed by Roman
    authority for a different reason (Matt 27:62-66).
    Two men. They looked like men, but their clothes were
    remarkable (Luke 9:29; Acts 1:10; 10:30). Other reports
    referring to them call them angels (Luke 23; John 20:12).
    Although Matthew speaks of one angel (not two, Matt 28:2)
    and Mark of a young man in white (Mark 16:5), this is not
    strange because frequently only the spokesman is noted
    and an accompanying figure is not mentioned. Words and
    posture (seated, John 20:12; standing, Luke 24:4) often
    change in the course of events, so these variations are not
    necessarily contradictory. They are merely evidence of
    independent accounts.
    While. . . In Galilee. Jesus had predicted his death and
    resurrection on a number of occasions (Luke 9:22), but
    the disciples failed to comprehend or accept what he
    was saying.

    3. Jesus Expects Our Service (Matt. 28:18-20)

Matt. 28:18   Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority
in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 28:19   Therefore
go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 28:20  
and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.
And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

     All Nations. Contrast (Matt.10:5-6). Baptizing them. As
    a sign of their union with and commitment to Christ
    (Acts 2:38; Rom. 6:3-4).
    Repent and be Baptized. Repentance was important in the
    message of the forerunner, John the Baptist (Mark 1:4;
    Luke 3:3), in the preaching of Jesus (Mark 1:15; Luke 13:3)
    and in the directions Jesus left just before his ascension
    (Luke 24:47). So also baptism was important to John the
    Baptist (Mark 1:4), in the instructions of Jesus
    (Matt 28:18-19) and in the preaching recorded in Acts —
    where it was associated with belief (Acts 8:12; 18:8),
    acceptance of the word (Acts 2:41) and repentance (here).
    In the Name of Jesus Christ. Not a contradiction to the
    fuller formula given in (Matt 28:19). In Acts the
    abbreviated form emphasizes the distinctive quality of
    this baptism, for Jesus is now included in a way that he
    was not in John’s baptism (Acts 19:4-5). For the
    forgiveness of your sins. Not that baptism effects
    forgiveness. Rather, forgiveness comes through that
    which is symbolized by baptism ( Rom 6:3-4 ). Holy Spirit.
    Two gifts are now given: the forgiveness of sins
    (Acts 22:16) and the Holy Spirit. The promise of the
    indwelling gift of the Holy Spirit is given to all
    Christians ( Rom 8:9-11; 1Co 12:13).
     With you. Matthew ends with the reassuring and
    empowering words of him who came to earth to be
    “God with us” (Matt.1:23).
     The when and how of the Christian’s death to sin. In
    NT times baptism so closely followed conversion that
    the two were considered part of one event (Acts 2:38 ).
    So although baptism is not a means by which we enter
    into a vital faith relationship with Jesus Christ, it is
    closely associated with faith. Baptism depicts
    graphically what happens as a result of the Christian’s
    union with Christ, which comes with faith —through
    faith we are united with Christ, just as through our
    natural birth we are united with Adam. As we fell into
    sin and became subject to death in father Adam, so we
    now have died and been raised again with Christ —which
    baptism symbolizes.
    Buried with him through Baptism into death. Amplified
    in (Acts 1:5-7). Through the glory of the Father. By the
    power of God. God’s glory is his divine excellence, his
    perfection. Any one of his attributes is a manifestation
    of his excellence. Thus his power is a manifestation of
    his glory, as is his righteousness (Acts 3:23). Glory and
    power are often closely related in the Bible
    (Palms 145:11; Col 1:11; 1Peter 4:11; Rev 1:6; 4:11;
    5:12-13; 7:12; 19:1). Live a New Life. Amplified in
    (Acts 1: 8-10).

        Summary:

            Crucifixion predated the Romans and often took
    the form of impaling a victim on a stake. It later
    developed into the more familiar cross, though the shape
    varied. Initially, the Romans reserved the punishment for
    slave only, holding that is was too barbaric for citizens.
    Later, however, it was used for enemies of the state
    because of its heinous nature.

            The Romans normally used places in order to take
    full advantage of its deterrent potential. After a slave
    uprising they crucified thousands of rebels on the roadside
    leading to the capital as a warning against any future
    rebellion. Jesus’ death was beside a road for this very
    reason, and the cause for which He was executed was
    sedition.