DO YOU OBET IN FAITH?
GENESIS 20:1-23:20 FEBRUARY 10 2008
God warned Abimelech in a dream that this nation faced
destruction because he had brought a married woman into his
household. Abimelech stated his innocence and God
commanded him to return Sarah to Abraham and to have
Abraham pray for him (Gen.20:1-18).
Sarah insisted Abraham send Hagar and Ishmael away.
After assurances from God , Abraham reluctantly did so. God
cared for Hagar and Ishmael and gave them a future
As the two men made a covenant, ceremony, Abraham
worshiped God (Gen. 21:22-34).
God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice Isaac as
a burnt offering. As Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son.
God Stopped him, stating Abraham had passed the test . God
reaffirmed His promises to Abraham, who then returned to
Beer-shepa. In Beer-sheba Abraham learned how God had
blessed his brother Nahor with children (Gen.22:1-24).
Sarah died when she was 127 years old. Abraham asked
his Hittite neighbors to allow him to purchase the cave of
Machpelah in which to bury his wife. Ephron offered to give
the cave and the field around it to Abraham, but he insisted
on buying them. Abraham and Ephron agreed on a price and
Abraham buried Sarah in the cave (Gen. 23:1-20).
1. Does God command Us? (Gen. 22:1-2)
Gen. 22:1 Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him,
“Abraham!” Here I am,” he replied. 22:2 Then God said, “Take your
son, your only son, Isaac, whom you love, and go to the region of
Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the
mountains I will tell you about.”
Some time later. Isaac had grown into adolescence or young
manhood, as implied also by (GEN.21:34) (“a long time”). Tested.
Not “tempted,” for God does not tempt (Jas 1:13). Satan tempts us
(1Cor. 7:5) in order to make us fall; God tests us in order to confirm
our faith (Exodus 20:20) or prove our commitment (Deut. 8:2).
( Matt.4:1). Here I am. Abraham answered with the response of a
servant, as did Moses and Samuel when God called them by name
(Exodus 3:4; 1Sam 3:4,6,8).
Your son , your only son, Isaac, whom you love. In the Hebrew
text “Isaac” follows the clause “whom you love,” in order to
heighten the effect: “your son, your only son, whom you love —Isaac.
” Isaac was the “only son” of the promise (Gen.21:12). Region of
Moriah. The author of Chronicles identifies the area as the temple
mount in Jerusalem (2Chro. 3:1). Today “Mount Moriah” is occupied
by the Dome of the Rock, an impressive Muslim structure erected in
A.D. 691. A large outcropping of rock inside the building is still
pointed to as the traditional site of the intended sacrifice of Isaac.
Sacrifice Him. Abraham had committed himself by covenant to be
obedient to the Lord and had consecrated his son Isaac to the Lord by
circumcision. The Lord put his servant’s faith and loyalty to the
supreme test, thereby instructing Abraham, Isaac and their
descendants as to the kind of total consecration the Lord’s covenant
requires. The test also foreshadowed the perfect consecration in
sacrifice that another offspring of Abraham would undergo
(Gen 22: 16) in order to wholly consecrate Abraham and his spiritual
descendants to God and to fulfill the covenant promises.
2. When and How Do We Respond? (Gen. 22:3-6)
Gen. 22:3 Early the next morning Abraham got up and saddled his
donkey. He took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac. When
he had cut enough wood for the burnt offering, he set out for the
place God had told him about. 22:4 On the third day Abraham looked
up and saw the place in the distance. 22:5 He said to his servants,
“Stay here with the donkey while I and the boy go over there. We will
worship and then we will come back to you.” 22:6 Abraham took the
wood for the burnt offering and placed it on his son Isaac, and he
himself carried the fire and the knife. As the two of them went on
Early the next morning. Prompt obedience, even under such trying
circumstances, characterized Abraham’s response to God (Gen.12:4).
Third day. Three days would be necessary for the journey from
Beersheba (Gen.22:19) to Jerusalem.
Boy. (Gen.22:12). The Hebrew for this word has a wide range of
meaning, from an infant (Exodus 2:6) to a young man of military age
(1Chro. 12:28). We will come back to you. Abraham, the man of faith
and “the father of all who believe” (Rom. 4:11), “reasoned that God
could raise the dead” (Heb 11:19) if that were necessary to fulfill
3. Do We Follow Through? (Gen 22:9-10)
Gen. 22:9 When they reached the place God had told him about,
Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. He
bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood.
22:10 Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay
God himself will provide the lamb. The immediate fulfillment of Abraham’s trusting response was the ram of (Gen.22:13), but its
ultimate fulfillment is the Lamb of God (John 1:29,36).
Laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. Isaac is here a type
(prefiguration) of Christ (Gen.22:16).
Angel of the Lord. (Gen.16:7). Abraham! Abraham! The repetition
of the name indicates urgency (Gen.46:2; Exodus 3:4; 1Sam. 3:10;
Acts 9:4).Here I am. (Gen.22:1).
4. Do We Experience God’s Affirmation and Insighly (Gen. 22:11-18)
Gen. 22:11 But the angel of the LORD called out to him from heaven,
“Abraham! Abraham!” Here I am,” he replied. 22:12 “Do not lay a hand on the boy,” he said. “Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son.” 22:13 Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son. 22:14 So Abraham called that place The LORD Will Provide. And to this day it is said, “On the mountain of the LORD it will be provided.” 22:15 The angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time 22:16 and said, “I swear by myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 22:17 I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, 22:18 and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.”
Angel of the Lord. (Gen.16:7). Abraham! Abraham! The repetition of the name indicates urgency (Gen.46:2; Exodus 3:4; 1Sam 3:10; Acts 9:4). Here I am . (Gen.22:1).
Fear God. (Gen.20:11). You have not withheld from me your son , Your only son. (Gen.22:16). Abraham’s “faith was made complete by what he did” (Jas 2:21-22).
Instead of. Substitutionary sacrifice of one life for another is here mentioned for the first time. As the ram died in Isaac’s place, so also Jesus gave his life as a ransom “for” (lit. “instead of”) many
Mountain of the Lord. During the Israelite monarchy the phrase
referred to the temple mount in Jerusalem ( Psalms 24:3; Isa 2:3;
30:29; Zec 8:3).
I swear by myself. There is no greater name in which the Lord
can take an oath (Heb 6:13). YOU. . . Have not withheld your son,
your only son . Abraham’s devotion is paralleled by God’s love to
us in Christ as reflected in (John 3:16 and Rom 8:32), which may
allude to this verse.
Descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky. (Gen.13:16;
15:5 ). Sand on the seashore. Fulfilled, at least in part, during
Solomon’s reign (1Kings 4:20). Cities. Lit. “gates.” Taking possession
of the gate of a city was tantamount to occupying the city itself
All nations on Earth will be blessed. (Gen.12:2-3). Because you
have obeyed me.. (Gen.17:9).
Abraham’s descendants through the years would bless every nation of the world. Through their faithfulness and obedience to God in sharing God’s love, they would be a shining beacon directing others to Him. God extended this blessing and opportunity to Abraham’s descendants because of His servant’s obedience and His Love.
The Israelites did not always obey God like their ancestor Abraham, but God remained faithful to His promises and continually invited them to work with Him in spreading His message to all nations.